Ph.D. stands for Doctor of Philosophy, and it is a doctorate degree that focuses on academics and research. Ph.D courses in India are determined by a national or university-level entrance exam. Admission to Ph.D. programmes is based on the results of entrance tests such as the UGC NET/CSIR NET.

Doctor of Philosophy is the full form of Ph.D. A doctoral research degree is known as a Ph.D. In general, a Ph.D. course lasts three years, and a student can complete it in as little as five years.

A master’s degree or an MPhil with a minimum aggregate of 55% is required for a Ph.D. degree. A valid GATE score is required if a candidate desires to pursue a Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology. Students can pick from a variety of Ph.D. jobs after completing their degrees, with an average pay of INR 6-9 LPA.


Ph.D Courses in India – Overview: 

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Ph.D. Full-FormDoctor of Philosophy
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Ph.D. Full-FormDoctor of Philosophy
Ph.D. Duration4-6 Years
Ph.D. Degree Requirementscoursework, presentation, submission of progress reports, defense of the thesis
Ph.D. AdmissionDirect Admission/entrance exams
Ph.D. CoursesPh.D. in Physics, Ph.D. computer science, Ph.D. in Psychology, Ph.D. in History, Ph.D. in Business Administration, Ph.D. in engineering, Ph.D. in Economics, Ph.D. in Nursing 
Online Ph.D. ProgramIGNOU, IISc Bangalore, Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University Hyderabad, Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open University
Fully Funded Ph.D. ProgramsStudents need to clear the UGC NET exam to get funded by the government
Ph.D. in IndiaIITs, IISc, Jadavpur University, Delhi University, JNU


What is Ph.D.?

A Ph.D., or Doctor of Philosophy, is a professional who conducts advanced research on a certain topic. Ph.D. programs are offered in three formats: full-time, part-time, and online. Ph.D. programs last three years and can last up to six years depending on the field.


Ph.D. Full form

Doctor of Philosophy is the full form of Ph.D. Ph.D. is an abbreviation for Philosophiae Doctor, which is a Latin term. The name philosophy has little to do with the subject of philosophy. The term philosophy is derived from a Greek word that means “lover of wisdom.”


Ph.D Courses in India Duration

The Ph.D courses in India lasts three years and can be extended. A student’s Ph.D. takes an average of 5-7 years to finish.

Many factors influence the length of a Ph.D., including an understanding of the research area, research experience, supervisor knowledge, the relevance of the research, communication skills, resource availability, and the amount of course work.

The minimum period of a Ph.D. is three years. The typical Ph.D. duration in NIIT is 3-5 years, while the average Ph.D. duration in IITs is 5-7 years.


Ph.D. Degree Requirements

The qualifications for obtaining a Ph.D. degree are known as Ph.D. Degree Requirements. This varies depending on the country. The University Grants Commission (UGC) sets the rules for Ph.D courses in India.

Completion of coursework, presentation of a research proposal or synopsis, filing of progress reports, giving a pre-submission presentation, and ultimately defending the thesis in an oral debate environment are all part of the Ph.D. degree requirements.


Ph.D courses in India Admission Process

Admission to the Ph.D. program in 2021 will be based on both entrance tests and merit. If a student meets the fundamental requirements for a Doctor of Philosophy, he or she should apply for admission and begin investigating other universities, the degrees they offer, and the professors they employ.


i) Ph.D. Admission Eligibility

In order to pursue a Doctor of Philosophy degree, students must meet certain basic requirements. The following are some of the basic qualifications for a Doctor of Philosophy:

To enroll in a Ph.D. program, students must hold a master’s or post-graduate degree.

Based on the candidate’s community, the student must have at least 50 – 55 percent of the marks or grades in the PG course that he or she studied.

Candidates with professional experience in the field of research are highly valued and given additional consideration.


ii) Merit-Based

Doctor of Philosophy students are sometimes admitted to colleges without having to take an admission exam. Students are admitted after submitting a research proposal outline. After their study proposal has been reviewed, students will be notified.

All candidates interested in pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy degree must meet the basic eligibility standards of a master’s degree with a 50-50 split. 


iii) Exam Based

For admission to Ph.D. programmes, a variety of national and institution-specific entrance exams are held. After passing the entrance tests for the Doctor of Philosophy programme, students may be required to participate in an interview before being accepted into the programme.


List of Ph.D Courses in India

Students have the option of doing Doctor of Philosophy according to their choice. Doctor of Philosophy is available in various streams and subjects. The various subjects available for Doctor of Philosophy according to different streams are mentioned below. See List of Ph.D. Courses here. 

Ph.D. Courses: Science Stream

  • Ph.D. Chemistry
  • Ph.D. Physics
  • Ph.D. Mathematics
  • Ph.D. Biotechnology
  • Ph.D. Zoology
  • Ph.D. Botany
  • Ph.D. Computer Science
  • Ph.D. Microbiology
  • Ph.D. Biochemistry
  • Ph.D. Environmental Science
  • Ph.D. Geology
  • Ph.D. Home Science
  • Ph.D. Life Science
  • Ph.D. Humanities
  • Ph.D. electronics
  • Ph.D. Anthropology
  • Ph.D. Yoga
  • Ph.D. Applied Chemistry
  • Ph.D. Applied Mathematics
  • Ph.D. animal Nutrition


Ph.D. Courses: Arts stream

  • Ph.D. English
  • Ph.D. Economics
  • Ph.D. History
  • Ph.D. Hindi
  • Ph.D. sociology
  • Ph.D. Political science
  • Ph.D. Psychology
  • Ph.D. Geography
  • Ph.D. Tamil
  • Ph.D. Sanskrit


Ph.D. Courses: Medical stream

  • MD Biochemistry
  • MD Forensic Medicine
  • MD Anesthesiology
  • MD Pulmonary Medicine
  • Ph.D. Physiology
  • MD Skin and VD
  • Ph.D. Pathology
  • MD TB and Chest
  • MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Ph.D. Medicine
  • MD Homoeopathic Organon of Medicine
  • Ph.D. Radiology
  • MD Homeopathy


Ph.D. Courses: Engineering Stream

  • Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Computer Science and Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Civil Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Information Technology
  • Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Electronics and Telecommunication
  • Ph.D. in Bioinformatics
  • Ph.D. in Computer Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Electronics Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Food Technology
  • Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering
  • Ph.D. in Nanotechnology
  • Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering


Ph.D. Courses: Pharmacy Stream

  • Pharm.D
  • Ph.D. in Pharmacy
  • Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Ph.D. in Pharmacology
  • Ph.D. in Pharmaceutics
  • Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  • Ph.D. in Medicinal Chemistry
  • M.Phil in Pharmaceutics


Ph.D. Courses: Commerce Stream

  • Ph.D. in Commerce
  • Ph.D. in Statistics
  • Ph.D. in Commerce and Management
  • Ph.D. in Accountancy
  • Ph.D. in Business Economics
  • Ph.D. in Banking and Finance


Ph.D. Courses: Agriculture stream

  • Ph.D. in Agriculture
  • Ph.D. in Agronomy
  • Ph.D. in Genetics and Plant Breeding
  • Ph.D. in Horticulture
  • Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics
  • Ph.D. in Plant Pathology

Ph.D. Courses: Law

  • Ph.D. in Law
  • Doctor of Law (LL.D.)
  • Ph.D. in Legal Studies
  • M.Phil in Law


Ph.D Courses in India: List of Top Colleges

QS India University Rankings 2020College NameFees (INR)
1Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)58,200
2Indian Institute of Science35,200
3Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD)42,900
4Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM)19,670
5Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT-KGP)50,000
6Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK)64,050
7University of Delhi
8University of Hyderabad8,980
9Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR)28,500
10Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG)18,150


Top Entrance Exam

  • GPAT
  • RUET


Ph.D. Job Scope & future

Students can pick from a variety of Ph.D. jobs after completing their Ph.D. The following are some of the most common career prospects available after earning a PhD.

  • University Professor
  • Market Research Analyst
  • Start-Up Mentors
  • Authors



What is the easiest Ph.D. to get?

Ans. Humanities, social sciences, education, and other subjects are among the most straightforward Ph.D. courses.

What is the salary of a Ph.D.?

Ans. The highest educational qualification available is a Ph.D. A candidate with a Ph.D. degree can expect to earn between INR 6 and INR 12 lakhs per year.

Is it OK to start a Ph.D. at age 40?

Ans. Yes. There are no age restrictions when it comes to pursuing a Ph.D.